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When Bnai Yisrael dwell in the Land of
Israel, the first fruits are to be taken to the Temple and given to the Kohen
in a ceremony expressing recognition that it is G-d who
guides Jewish history throughout all ages.
This passage forms one of the central parts of the Haggadah that we read at the Passover Seder. On the last day of Pesach of the fourth and seventh years of the seven-year shemita cycle, a person must recite a disclosure stating that he has indeed distributed the tithes to the appropriate people in the prescribed manner. With this mitzvah, Moshe concludes the commandments that G-d has told him to give to the Jewish People. Moshe exhorts them to walk in G-d's ways, because they are set aside as a treasured people to G-d.
When Bnai Yisrael cross the Jordan River they are to make a new commitment to the Torah. Huge stones are to be erected and the Torah is to be written on them in the world's seventy primary languages, and they are to be covered with a thin layer of plaster. Half the tribes will stand on Mount Gerizim and half on Mount Eval, and the Levi'im will stand in a valley between the two mountains. There the Levi'im will recite 12 commandments and all the people will say "amen" to the blessings and the curses.
Moshe then details the blessings that will be bestowed upon Bnai Yisrael. These blessings are both physical and spiritual. But if the Jewish People do not keep the Torah, Moshe details a chilling picture of destruction, resulting in exile and wandering among the nations.