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If Bnei Yisrael are careful to observe even
those "minor" mitzvos that are usually
"trampled" underfoot, Moshe promises them that
they will be the most blessed of the nations of earth. Moshe
tells Bnai Yisrael that they will conquer Eretz Canaan
little by little, so that the land will not be overrun by wild animals in
the hiatus before Bnai Yisrael are able to organize and
settle the whole land.
After again warning Bnai Yisrael to burn all carved idols of Canaanite gods, Moshe stresses that the Torah is indivisible and not open to partial observance. Moshe describes the Land of Israel as a land of wheat, barley, grapes, figs, and pomegranates, a land of oil-yielding olives and date-honey.
Moshe cautions Bnai Yisrael not to become haughty and think that what they will have in Eretz Yisrael is a result of their own powers or vigor; rather they must always remember that it was G-d who gave them wealth and success. Nor did G-d drive out the Canaanites because of Bnai Yisrael's righteousness but rather because of the sins of the Canaanites; for the road from Sinai had been a catalogue of large and small sins and rebellions against G-d and Moshe.
Moshe details the events after G-d spoke the Ten Commandments at Sinai, culminating in his bringing down the second set of Tablets on Yom Kippur. Aharon's passing is recorded together with the elevation of the Levites to ministers to G-d. Moshe points out that the 70 souls who went down into Egypt have now become like the stars of the heaven in abundance.
After specifying the great virtues of the Land of Israel, Moshe speaks the second paragraph of the Shema, which conceptualizes reward for keeping the mitzvos and penalty for not keeping them.